Jackson Hole is known for several things, including breathtaking and picturesque scenery, an acclaimed ski resort, and its dedication to the arts. This Northeast Wyoming town also has a long and fascinating history. From the origin of its name to its annual antler auction, here are 16 historical facts about Jackson Hole.
Jackson Hole refers to the 50-mile long valley that parallels from north and south the eastern side of the Teton Mountain Range. Nestled in the valley, Jackson
is a town with a population of approximately 9,000 residents. Although small in size (spanning only 2.9 square miles), Jackson certainly doesn’t lack things to do. This Wyoming town is filled with an abundance of museums and galleries, classic eateries, and locally-owned boutiques.
The Origin of its Name
Jackson Hole received its acclaimed name from various fur trappers and explorers who are credited with discovering the valley tucked in the shadow of the Tetons. One trapper and pioneer, a man by the name of David E. Jackson
, named this area since it was his favorite trapping ground. Although much of his life is unknown, David Jackson played an important role in the Rocky Mountain fur trade. Shortly after, in approximately 1829, the area was named in honor of him.
Credit: Jackson Hole Traveler
The History of Water Rafting in Jackson
Long before it was considered a sport or form of entertainment, white water rafting was a mode of transportation. The first recorded attempt
to navigate Jackson Hole’s unruly Snake river can be traced back to 1811. The group who attempted this, Overland Astorians, declared a portion of the river too precarious to maneuver, which resulted in the name “Mad River”.
Jackon’s City Council
Wyoming is referred to as the “Equality State” and there’s a good reason behind this. In 1869, Wyoming became the first state to grant women the right to vote and hold public office. In 1920, the Town of Jackson elected the first all-female town council
. This also included a female town marshall. With roughly 300 residents, this small frontier town lacked law enforcement, and taxes and fines were slipping by unpaid. When five women were nominated, they ran with a simple angle—to clean up the town’s streets. With an all-female city council, the citizens hoped this “petticoat government” would help bring order to the town. On May 11th, 1920, the women won in a landslide.
DeLoney’s General Store
In Jackson’s early days, Charles DeLoney opened the first single-room general store
in his home. Established in 1899, the general store was located on Cache Street. It went through many transformations from its humble origins, varying from a log structure to a brick building. Now, one of the first DeLoney stores is the home of the Historic Society Museum, which pays homage to the olden days of Jackson.
Bridger-Teton National Forest
Established in 1908, Bridger-Teton National Forest
is truly something to behold. Spread over a massive 3.4 million acres, it’s the third-largest National Forest outside of Alaska. This forest comprises a good portion of Yellowstone National Park. With so much public land for use, there is an endless amount of recreation that’s waiting to happen here.
Credit: Yellowstone Park
The Creation of the National Elk Refuge
Created in 1912, the National Elk Refuge
is a wildlife refuge located in Jackson Hole. It was developed to protect the habitat and provide a sanctuary for the massive elk herds that can be found within Jackson. The refuge expands across 24,700 acres and is the last stop for the second-largest elk migration on the continent. Since the weather is quickly cooling down, you can stop by the National Elk Refuge to take part in an elk-drawn sleigh ride
. This festive ride is sure to get you in the holiday spirit.
Jackson Town Square
Jackson might be small, but it certainly doesn’t lack character. The Town Square
is particularly unique. In the town’s early days, the Town Square simply consisted of a dirt square. However, it was upgraded after the all-female town council was elected. Today, you will find log cabins dating back to the 19th century interspersed among local shops and eateries. Whether you’re craving a steak dinner or want to mosey through a museum, Jackson’s Town Square gives you plenty of options when it comes to things to do.
Perhaps the most intriguing (not to mention famous) part of the square is the four elk antler arches
that frame the Town Square. These arches were constructed in 1953 by the Jackson Hole Rotary Club. Located on each corner of the George Washington Memorial Park, each arch is composed of 10,000 to 12,000 pounds of antlers. This iconic entryway has become a popular place for locals and visitors to snap photos. The holidays are a particularly special time, especially since twinkling lights illuminate the arches at night.
Credit: CLB Architects
Jackson Hole Airport
Nestled near the base of the grandeur of the Tetons, Jackson Hole Airport
is spectacularly special—it’s the only airport located entirely within a national park! Opened in the 1930s, this airport has since become the busiest airport in the entire state. Jackson Hole Airport is the perfect gateway to welcome you to this regal corner of the globe.
The Establishment of Snow King
Established in 1939, Snow King
is Wyoming’s oldest ski resort. Located on the southeast corner of town, locals often refer to this mountain as “The Town Hill.” Town Hill is bursting with year-round activities. During the winter, you can take advantage of skiing while in the summer months, you can partake in an abundance of activities
. The Alpine Slide, bungee trampoline, and treetop adventures are just a few of the many things you can do here. Not to mention, you’ll get to experience breathtaking 360-degree views at the top of the mountain. With so much to do year-round, Snow King is a great place to make memories with loved ones.
The Beginnings of Grand Teton National Park
Grand Teton National Park
had a rocky beginning—quite literally. When the majestic park was established in 1950, it marked the end of 30 controversial years over attempts to stop extending government control. Some Jackson Hole residents believed this would signal the end of their recreational privileges while other residents supported federal control for the sake of conservation. After 30 divided years, the park was officially established and now serves to protect some of North America’s most impressive and majestic scenery. It’s no surprise this park attracts almost three million visitors each year.
The World’s Longest Running Shootout
Jackson is home to the world’s longest-running shootout
and has quite the story behind this fascinating piece of history. Legend has it that Clover the Killer and the Cache Creek Posse had a less-than-civil spat starting in 1956. This continued, marking the start of the Shootout Gang. Now—almost 65 years later—you can witness a reenactment of this famous tale. This shootout, which attracts multitudes of curious tourists each year, is the longest continuously running gunfight in the United States. An estimated 4 million people have witnessed it throughout the years.
During the spring, the elk lose their antlers before migrating to their summer range. Therefore, each year the Jackson Hole Boy Scouts help the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service by collecting the antlers that have been shed. These antlers are then auctioned off in the world’s only public auction for antlers
. Started in 1968, this two-day event—which takes place the weekend before Memorial Day—is attended by thousands, traveling from other parts of Jackson Hole and around the globe.
Credit: JPL - NASA
U.S. Voyager 2
In 1977, the U.S. Voyager 2 spacecraft
was launched into space to explore parts unknown. Launched by NASA, this space probe was sent into outer space to study planets, making it the second spacecraft to enter interstellar space. It contains an Ansel Adams photograph of Jackson Hole among its numerous artifacts.
Teton County Land
It’s obvious that Teton County
is a special place, but perhaps what makes it so unique is the number of acres within the county that are federally-owned. 97% of its nearly 4 million acres are federally-owned or state-managed. Additionally, only 3 percent of the land surrounding the Jackson Hole Area is privately-owned.
If you’re looking to explore homes for sale in Jackson Hole, contact Colby Murphy
today. As one of the most sought-after real estate agents in Jackson Hole, Colby serves a wide range of neighborhoods. His expertise will assist you through the process of finding your dream home.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the origin of the name "Jackson Hole"?
The name "Jackson Hole" came from David E. Jackson, a fur trapper and pioneer who discovered the valley. It was his favorite trapping ground, and around 1829, the area was named in his honor.
What is significant about Jackson's City Council in 1920?
In 1920, Jackson's City Council was the first all-female town council in the United States. This development came after Wyoming became the first state to grant women the right to vote and hold public office in 1869.
What unique characteristic does Jackson Hole Airport have?
Jackson Hole Airport is unique because it is the only airport located entirely within a national park. It was opened in the 1930s and is now the busiest airport in Wyoming.
What is the "world's longest-running shootout" mentioned in the text?
The world's longest-running shootout is a reenactment of a feud that started in 1956 between Clover the Killer and the Cache Creek Posse in Jackson. The reenactment, held in Jackson, is the longest continuously running gunfight in the United States and has been witnessed by an estimated 4 million people.
What happens during the Antler Action in Jackson Hole?
During the Antler Action, the Jackson Hole Boy Scouts helped the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service collect elk antlers that had been shed. These antlers are then auctioned off in the world's only public auction for antlers, a two-day event attended by thousands that takes place the weekend before Memorial Day each year.